Hypertension is also called as high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force with the blood exerts against the blood vessel walls. Hypertension is the primary cause that leads to various cardiovascular diseases. It can stay asymptomatic for years, but the damage to blood vessels and heart continues to occur. Modifiable risk factors include unhealthy diets (excessive salt consumption, a diet high in saturated fat and trans fats, low intake of fruits and vegetables), physical inactivity, consumption of tobacco and alcohol, and being overweight or obese.
Non-modifiable risk factors includes a family history of hypertension, age over 65 years and co-existing diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease.
Asian Pacific Society of Hypertension; Association of Cardiologists of Kazakhstan, The Heart foundation of Malaysia; The Japanese Society of Hypertension, ; British Hypertension Society.