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March 24-25, 2020

Risk factors

Risk factors There are many risk factors for cardiovascular heart diseases. Some of the risk factors cannot be avoided which may include age, gender, family history, genetic alterations, being post-menopausal. While some can be controllable are smoking, social habits, obesity, diet, stress and anger. Related societies: The World Society of Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgeons;; Australian Cardiovascular Health and Rehabilitation Association; Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia; Chinese Society of Cardiology; The Pan-African Society of Cardiology (PASCAR).